Diagnosis and Treatment of Thyroid

Thyroid Health

Do you suffer with Anxiety, Constipation, cold hands and feet, concentration difficulties, depression, insomnia, Dry hair and skin, fatigue, weakness, hair-loss, heavy menstrual flow, infertility, water retention, weight gain or difficulty losing weight?

The thyroid is known as the master gland of metabolism, it regulates metabolism by controlling the rate in which the body converts calories and oxygen into energy.

The most common thyroid problems involve abnormal production of the Thyroid Hormones. Thyroid disease is mostly found in women and usually after a hormone shift in the body like, after pregnancy or after menopause.

Two of types of thyroid disease are Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism (also called an overactive thyroid) is a result of too much thyroid hormone, this can increase metabolism. Usually hyperthyroidism is caused by Graves disease.

Hypothyroidism (also known as underactive thyroid) is a condition where the thyroid does not produce enough thyroid hormone this can cause every system in your body to slow down. The slower the metabolism gets the more obvious the signs and symptoms become. Hypothyroidism can also be misdiagnosed for depression or “normal aging, so it is important to find a Doctor who knows how to test for Thyroid disease.

Your Thyroid can affect almost every aspect of your health like:

  • Hair and skin changes
  • Bowel problems
  • Muscle and Joint pains
  • Cholesterol issues
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Fertility Problems
  • Depression and Anxiety
  • Weight Changes
  • Fatigue.

How do test your Thyroid?

The standard test for thyroid doesn’t capture the happenings inside the thyroid.which is referred as : thyroid stimulating hormone :(TSH). You need to test TSH / T4 and T3 as well as thyroid antibodies to be able to get an evaluation of your thyroid. Here at the Family Integrative Medical Centre we send our patients for a full blood test before treating the thyroid.

The reason we also test for antibodies in the thyroid is to  evaluate the most common causes of Hypothyroidism: Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a condition where the immune system attacks the thyroid tissue impairing the ability to make hormones. About 80% of people with thyroid disease have some degree of an autoimmune attack.

Nutrients that support Thyroid health:

Vitamin A: retinoic acid including retinol and beta-carotene is important for thyroid health.

Iodine: is required to synthesize thyroid hormone.

Selenium: deficiency of selenium decreases the synthesis of thyroid hormones and is a necessary component of the enzyme that convert T4 into T3. Selenium also suppress antibodies by up to 40%. Great for treating Hashimoto’s Disease.

Iron: deficiency of iron can hamper the production of thyroid hormone.

Zinc: May contribute to the conversion of T4 to T3.

DHEA and Pregnenolone: people with hypothyroidism show to have lower levels of DHEA and Pregnenolone.

Vitamin D: Regulates the immune system. Also good for treating Hashimoto’s Disease.

Low Dose Neltrexone: Can be used to treat Hashimoto’s Disease.

L-Glutamine: re-establishes the gut lining. Great for treating Hashimoto’s Disease.

Probiotics: Probiotics improve the amount of T4 to T3 conversion you get by 20%, so you will have more energy by result.

Tyrosine: is an amino acid that helps hormone producing organs. It is also essential for a health Thyroid production, both T3 and T4 are Tyrosine based. This is also the  precursor to the “feel good “neurotransmitter dopamine.

Testosterone Replacement: When testosterone is too low it reduces T3 activation.

Foods that can heal your Thyroid:

Salt: your thyroid needs iodine to work well. Make sure you use idolized table salt.

Leafy Greens: Spinach, lettuce and other examples are great sources of magnesium which is a  mineral that plays a huge role in your body processes.

Nuts: Almonds, cashew and pumpkin seeds are excellent sources of iron. Brazil nuts also help your thyroid with iron and selenium.

Seafood, are great sources of iodine.

Butternut, Sweet potato, butternut squash: contain vitamin A which make your thyroid work well. Zinc also works tandem with vitamin A, and both support thyroid health and vision.

Foods that can make you “Thyroid Sick”:

People with Hypothyroidism should avoid too much cruciferous vegetables. (Broccoli, cauliflower, and mustard greens) it is ok in moderation as long as you are not having them more than 5 times a week. Cruciferous vegetables may become a problem if consumed more than 5 times a week, because they are considered goitrogens, which means they interfere with the uptake of iodine by your thyroid.

Goitrogen foods include: Kale, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussel sprouts, etc if eaten in moderation it is considered fine.  Goitrogens can also cause an enlargement of the Thyroid, called goiter by reducing iodine.

Exercising that are great to help some of the symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

  • Walking
  • Water Aerobics
  • Strength training

These Exercises will help boost your mood, help you lose weight and increase your energy.

Let us help you find the right treatment.

Book your consultation now: info@fimc.co.za